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Items tagged with: China

 
Chinese officers referred to past foreign invasions, a source of ‘deep wounds’, as motivation for boosting its military. #AsiaPacific #China #Politics
 
Bei einem Erdrutsch in einer Jade-Mine im Norden Myanmars sind vermutlich mehr als 50 Menschen ums Leben gekommen. Bisher wurden drei Leichen geborgen. Doch für 54 Vermisste gibt es praktisch keine Hoffnung mehr. #Myanmar #Bergbau #Jade #Bergwerk #Edelsteine #China #Militärdiktatur #Schmuggel
 
Die US-Regierung verschärft ihre Sanktionen gegen den Iran. Ab Mai enden die bisherigen Ausnahmen. Droht eine Eskalation - oder ist es nur eine Verhandlung à la Trump? #Iran #Öl #Sanktionen #USA #China #Opec #Trump
 
China: Kein Blut mehr in Online-Spielen – und keine Harems #China #Spiele
 
US move to end waiver on sanctions against importers of Iranian oil could hurt regional economies, analysts say. #Iran #Business&Economy #Asia #India #China #Japan #SouthKorea
 
Video widely shared on China's Twitter-like Weibo, shows the parked car emit smoke and burst into flames seconds later. #Business&Economy #China
 

Samsung delays Galaxy Fold launch in China


#china #delays #fold #galaxy #launch #samsung
 

China Bans the Word 'Leica' on Social Media


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19712564
Posted by mmastrac (karma: 24776)
Post stats: Points: 260 - Comments: 198 - 2019-04-21T15:39:55Z

\#HackerNews #bans #china #leica #media #social #the #word
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Xin chào mọi người,
Most EVA Air flights originate out of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, its main hub near Taipei, Taiwan. At Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, EVA Air's flight operations are concentrated in Terminal 2. Additionally, EVA Air and its domestic subsidiary UNI Air operate numerous flights out of Kaohsiung International Airport. A focus city for EVA Air outside Taiwan is Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, with westerly connections to all its European destinations except for Paris, which is flown non-stop.
eva air hcm
hang ve may bay korean
vé máy bay đi mỹ bao nhiêu tiền
vé máy bay đi mỹ bao nhiêu tiền
vé máy bay đi canada bao nhiêu tiền
Tri thức du lịch
Những chuyến đi cuộc đời

NewHere. I'm interested in #evaairline, #flight, #koreanairline, #street, #tours, #travel #yellow #red #city #color #street #travel #light #old #urban #architecture #lights #temple #building #pattern #art #asia #stilllife #lamps #china #asian #chinese #decoration #malaysia #lanterns #georgetown #traditional #penang #ShamJolimie #ShamJolimie #500px
 
Ein halbes Jahrhundert nach der ersten Mondlandung der Amerikaner scheint es wieder ein Rennen um den Erdtrabanten zu geben. Dabei wollen die USA wieder Erster sein. Wie steht es um Russland? #Mond #Mondlandung #Sonde #USA #Russland #China #Israel #Wettlauf #Raumfahrt #Astronauten #Kosmonauten
 
China has been quietly allowing more foreign films to be imported, while domestic production has slowed down. #AsiaPacific #China #Politics
 
Besonders in ärmeren Ländern Osteuropas befeuert Peking mit seiner "Neuen Seidenstraße“ eine lange herbeigesehnte Aufbruchstimmung, deren Brüssels Klein-Klein kaum etwas entgegensetzen kann, meint Frank Sieren. #SierensChina #China #Osteuropa #Westbalkan #NeueSeidenstraße #Brüssel #EU
 
#cia #cybersecurity #security #spy #spying #espionage #unitedstates #usa #iran #china
 

World's 15 richest cities revealed - and the list contains a few surprises


https://www.rt.com/business/419764-world-wealthiest-cities-map-economy/

#Shanghai #Beijing #NewYork #London #SanFrancisco #Toronto #HongKong #Singapore #Mumbai #Frankfurt #Paris #China #UK #Germany #France #Canada #UK #Japan #India #usa #Australia
#wealthy #economy #money
 

Russia envisions a multipolar ‘New World Order’ as sun sets on America’s unipolar moment


REUTERS / Gary Hershorn

https://www.rt.com/op-ed/456824-multipolar-world-order-us-russia/

#Russia #China #NewWorldOrder #EU #Germany #Venezuela #Iran #Syria #usa #NATO #unilateral #military #politics #hemogony #PostColdWar #politics
 

Womenomics 101: Chinese women are at the forefront of global luxury spending


Is the percentage of women executives in top management positions in China beating out the percentage of those in the usa? Interesting...

https://www.rt.com/business/446576-asia-women-luxury-force/

#Asian #Chinese #China #Asia #women #Executives #TopManagement #luxury #Millionaires
#ShatteredGlassCeiling #usa #economics
 
BBC-Interview: Diess sorgt erneut für Irritationen
https://www.ndr.de/nachrichten/niedersachsen/braunschweig_harz_goettingen/BBC-Interview-Diess-sorgt-erneut-fuer-Irritationen,diess142.html
#Wolfsburg #VW #Volkswagen #HerbertDiess #China #Interview #Lager #BBC #Uiguren #Menschenrechte
 
Reisen in Zeiten der Klimakatastrophe: Nach Schanghai mit dem Daumen #Reisen #China #Augsburg #u24taz #Reise #Gesellschaft #Schwerpunkt
 
‘3 stooges of socialism’: Bolton attacks Venezuela, Cuba & Nicaragua in impotent verbal intervention

https://www.rt.com/usa/456853-bolton-three-stooges-socialism/

#politics #Venezuela #Cuba #Nicaragua #China #Russia #usa #ForeignPolicy
 

China’s Solar Industry Expected To Be Subsidy-Free In 2021

Considering basically all energy producers reduce receive heavy subsidies, this is breaking in quite a new era...

China’s solar industry is expected to transition towards a subsidy-free market which could begin as early as 2021, according to a new analysis of China’s solar industry published by Asia Europe Clean Energy (Solar) Advisory.

The Asia Europe Clean Energy (Solar) Advisory (AECEA) published its new analysis last week, analyzing a new consultation paper published by China’s National Energy Administration (NEA) entitled Work Plan for the Construction of Unsubsidized (Grid-Parity) Projects for Wind & Solar PV. It follows in the footsteps of China’s efforts to revitalize its solar industry after it took a significant hit in May of 2018 when the NEA essentially capped installations.

“This signals a permanent policy shift towards zero-subsidy renewables,” explained Jonathan Luan, an analyst with Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

Solar projects which require state subsidies have also all been put on hold and all provinces and regions have been prohibited from conducting any competitive bidding rounds for solar projects which require state subsidies until the NEA has confirmed the first round of subsidy-free projects.

See https://cleantechnica.com/2019/04/15/chinas-solar-industry-expected-to-be-subsidy-free-in-2021/

#solar #china

Bild/Foto
 
China’s Solar Industry Expected To Be Subsidy-Free In 2021

Considering basically all energy producers reduce receive heavy subsidies, this is breaking in quite a new era...

China’s solar industry is expected to transition towards a subsidy-free market which could begin as early as 2021, according to a new analysis of China’s solar industry published by Asia Europe Clean Energy (Solar) Advisory.

The Asia Europe Clean Energy (Solar) Advisory (AECEA) published its new analysis last week, analyzing a new consultation paper published by China’s National Energy Administration (NEA) entitled Work Plan for the Construction of Unsubsidized (Grid-Parity) Projects for Wind & Solar PV. It follows in the footsteps of China’s efforts to revitalize its solar industry after it took a significant hit in May of 2018 when the NEA essentially capped installations.

“This signals a permanent policy shift towards zero-subsidy renewables,” explained Jonathan Luan, an analyst with Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

Solar projects which require state subsidies have also all been put on hold and all provinces and regions have been prohibited from conducting any competitive bidding rounds for solar projects which require state subsidies until the NEA has confirmed the first round of subsidy-free projects.

See https://cleantechnica.com/2019/04/15/chinas-solar-industry-expected-to-be-subsidy-free-in-2021/

#solar #china
 
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern wird zur Heimat von Kreuzfahrt-Giganten. Drei Werften dort bauen Passagierschiffe der Superlative. Allerdings nicht für hiesige Touristen, sondern besonders für Chinesen. #Schiffbau #China #Malaysia #Genting #Ostsee #Werften
 
Chinas Mondrover heißt nicht von ungefähr "Jadehase". In Ostasien sieht man keinen "Mann im Mond", sondern einen Hasen. Beim Blick auf den Mond will unser Gehirn unvollständige Strukturen an vertraute Formen angleichen. #Mond #Hase #Raumfahrt #China #Legende #Pareidolie
 
Chinas Mondrover heißt nicht von ungefähr "Jadehase". In Ostasien sieht man keinen "Mann im Mond", sondern einen Hasen. Beim Blick auf den Mond will unser Gehirn unvollständige Strukturen an vertraute Formen angleichen.
Wie kommt der Hase auf den Mond ? | DW | 17.04.2019
#Mond #Hase #Raumfahrt #China #Legende #Pareidolie
 
The race for electric vehicle dominance in China will come down to whose batteries last the longest. #AsiaPacific #China #Business&Economy #Asia
 
In Shanghai beginnt die Automesse und die Branche blickt gebannt nach China. Hier entscheidet sich die Zukunft des Autos. Für deutsche Hersteller ist der größte Markt der Welt überlebenswichtig. Aber der schwächelt. #Auto #China #Automesse #Shanghai #Elektromobilität #E-Autos #Daimler #VW #BMW #Geely #GreatWall
 
Filipino fishermen reported that Chinese vessels were 'mass harvesting giant clams' from Scarborough Shoal. #Philippines #AsiaPacific #China
 

Terry Gou, Head of Foxconn Technology steps back, contemplates presidential run

1. 660 City News:

Terry Gou told reporters Monday at an event in Taipei that he wants to work on a book about his management philosophy honed over 45 years and prepare a younger generation to eventually take over operations at the company. Foxconn counts Apple, Google and Amazon as customers and has said it will build a manufacturing facility in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

He said he felt “I should tone down my personal influence” in company matters and leave more time for long-term planning.

2. Reuters:

“I didn’t sleep last night ... 2020 is key for Taiwan. The reason for the tense situation (with China) is because it’s a turning point for Taiwan’s direction for politics, economy, defense for the next 20 years,” Gou said.

“We need peace. We don’t need to buy too many weapons. Peace is the biggest weapon,” Gou said, adding that Taiwan only needs adequate self-defense.

Morris Chang, founder of Apple supplier Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC), retired as chairman last year. In September, Jack Ma, co-founder of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding Ltd, said he would step down as chairman in a year to allow for younger management.

#Foxconn #News #US #USA #Politics #Taiwan #China #PRChina #ForeignAffairs #Gou #TerryGou #AliBaba #JackMa #Ma #Election #Election2020 #Elections2020 #KMT
Foxconn head says he’s stepping back from daily operations
 
China said its warships, bombers and reconnaissance aircraft conducted 'necessary drills' around Taiwan on Monday. #Taiwan #AsiaPacific #China
 

"Pompeo Has Lost His Mind" - China Hits Back At Latin America Remarks | Zero Hedge

Given how boldly and directly Chinese officials' Monday statements were, it appears Beijing's patience with Pompeo is running thin, to the point of giving up on a positive avenue with the White House, also amidst a broader trade war. It appears the proverbial gloves are coming off.

The words and deeds are despicable. But lies are lies, even if you say it a thousand times, they are still lies. Mr Pompeo, you can stop,” the spokesman said.
#China #Latin America #Venezuela #Russia #Pompeo #White House #Trump Administration
 
Neue Zensurvorwürfe: Wieder scharfe Kritik an Apple von US-Politikern #Apple #AppleMusic #China #US-Kongress #Zensur
 
The film explores the relationship between a paralysed man and a Filipina caregiver who gives up her dream to earn a living. #AsiaPacific #China #Arts&Culture
 
Major rail project expected to resume next month after the Malaysian government secured a one-third reduction in cost #Malaysia #Business&Economy #China
 
China: Behörden fahnden angeblich vermehrt per Gesichtserkennung nach Uiguren #China #Gesichtserkennung #KünstlicheIntelligenz #Uiguren
 
Zu den bekanntesten Deutschen in China gehört neben Angela Merkel und Oliver Kahn auch Thomas Derksen. Der gebürtige Gummersbacher ist in Deutschland fast unbekannt, in China ist der 30-Jährige hingegen ein gutbezahlter Online-Video-Star. Derksen ist nun auch Buchautor. Autor: Steffen Wurzel. #WDR4 #Gummersbach #Video-Star #Derksen #China
 
Bio-Kontrolleur über „Spiegel“-Bericht: „Das ist Quatsch“ #Bio-Lebensmittel #Bio-Landwirtschaft #Bio-Siegel #Bio-Skandal #Bio-Betrug #China #Konsum #Öko
 
The animal was one of only four Yangtze giant softshell turtles known to exist in the world. #China #Environment #AsiaPacific #Beijing #WildAnimals
 

Construction has kept rent in Chongqing, China to $75 a month


Few cities in China have had as grim a history over the past century as Chongqing. Now the enormous city is prospering, but faces a wave of pink slips at factories.
Article word count: 1263

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19652135
Posted by CryptoPunk (karma: 515)
Post stats: Points: 119 - Comments: 97 - 2019-04-13T10:30:29Z

\#HackerNews #china #chongqing #construction #has #kept #month #rent
Article content:




China Dispatch

Image
Hanging out near the Yangtze river in Chongqing, China.CreditCreditLam Yik Fei for The New York Times

CHONGQING, China — Huang Lincai is a cheery 23-year-old with a lot of optimism — even though he recently lost his job.

For nearly four years, he worked in one of the three cavernous Ford Motor assembly plants in Chongqing, a sprawling metropolis in southwestern China with almost 20 million people. Every day, he spent long hours putting brake fluid into the Ford Focus compact cars that glided past on the assembly line.

But with [1]car sales plunging as the Chinese economy slows, Mr. Huang was laid off in January [2]along with thousands of other workers at Ford’s factories, which are part of a joint venture with a Chongqing automaker.

Far from panicking at his misfortune, he used his five months of severance pay to hang out for a few weeks with friends and ponder other career options, like maybe joining a friend’s start-up drawing cartoons on computers. He has now taken a job as a health club attendant, joining China’s booming service sector, although he has taken a pay cut compared to his work at Ford.

By The New York Times

“I don’t want to go back to any factory again — it’s boring, it’s not what I thought,” Mr. Huang said.

That youthful confidence of always being able to find work is not unusual in China these days. A younger generation has come to expect prosperity. They increasingly look for personal fulfillment as well.

Yet as the Ford layoffs show, economic warning signs are starting to emerge in China. Inflation has [3]gradually crept up. Economic growth has [4]slowly eroded.

For now, though, even with the recent job losses, Chongqing is prospering.

A huge pedestrian plaza in the Guanyinqiao neighborhood pulses with lights and crowds even on weekday nights. The trees are illuminated with bright lanterns.

Image
With the day shift over, workers left a Ford factory in Chongqing.CreditGilles Sabrié for The New York Times

Floor after floor of the surrounding buildings are filled with attractive restaurants, offering excellent meals for less than $10 a person. Go to a less fashionable neighborhood and a big plate of freshly made dumplings and soup costs less than $2.

Zigzagging over and under the city’s steep hills and even through buildings, like a three-dimensional [5]drawing by M.C. Escher, is the world’s longest and busiest monorail line. Under the ground burrows an extensive subway system. The monorail and subway were almost entirely built in the last 15 years.

The city’s roots are still visible — literally. Ancient banyan trees drop roots from outlying branches into pockets of soil on the city’s rocky slopes.

Barges loaded with sand, freshly cut tree trunks and other goods move slowly up and down the muddy Yangtze River and the equally murky Jialing River, which meet in the heart of Chongqing.

A shopping area in Chongqing.CreditLam Yik Fei for The New York Times

What makes the current optimism of young people like Mr. Huang so striking, and the livability of today’s city so surprising, is that Chongqing has experienced a grim history over much of the past century. The beauty and orderliness now contrast with a violent past.

Chongqing was the World War II capital of China. Large areas were flattened or burned by Japanese incendiary bombs, with extremely heavy loss of civilian life. [6]Deadly fighting then took place between heavily armed Red Guard factions in Chongqing in the late 1960s during the Cultural Revolution.

When Bo Xilai ran the city nearly a decade ago, [7]his police imprisoned dozens of local business leaders in the name of fighting organized crime. The police confiscated their assets and sometimes tortured them. Mr. Bo ended up [8]sentenced to life in prison for bribetaking, embezzlement and abuse of power.

Less than two years ago, Sun Zhengcai, one of two men [9]previously seen as potential successors to President Xi Jinping, was suddenly detained while serving as Chongqing’s leader. Accused of corruption and [10]plotting against the Communist Party, Mr. Sun was also sentenced to life in prison.

Fords awaiting shipment at a storage lot in Chongqing.CreditGilles Sabrié for The New York Times

Amid all these political problems, Chongqing continued to grow, becoming a very different place from what it was 16 years ago, when [11]Ford’s first assembly plant in China opened here.

The downtown area, tucked between the two rivers, was moldering and overcrowded. Not enough bridges or tunnels had been built over or under the rivers to allow large numbers of people to live on the far banks. The subway had not yet opened.

For the assembly plant’s opening ceremony, Ford chartered a bus to bring a group of executives — including Elena Ford, a great-great-granddaughter of Henry Ford — and a few journalists to the event.

After crossing the Jialing River, the bus drove north for half an hour to the factory on a broad, mostly empty highway running through open countryside.

An extensive subway network and limited parking are hindering car sales in Chongqing.CreditGilles Sabrié for The New York Times

Today, the land from the river to Ford’s assembly plants — and for many miles beyond — has urbanized. Apartment towers alternate with beautifully landscaped parks.

The huge amount of construction has kept rents cheap.

Mr. Huang, who likes to wear a green windbreaker with lots of colorful patches, pays $75 a month for his nearly 500-square-foot apartment with a living room and bedroom. His apartment is halfway up a 30-story high-rise, several miles north of the Ford factories. It is a neighborhood that did not exist when he was a boy.

Mr. Huang earned about $1,000 a month at Ford. So his low rent left a lot of disposable income. He could save money and also eat out frequently. And he dotes on the Renegade motorcycle he recently bought.

But one feature of Chongqing has not turned out the way Ford expected: parking. There’s not much.

Until recently, developers were only required to build one parking space for every 3,200 square feet of apartments. With many apartments the size of Mr. Huang’s, that meant only one parking space for every six or seven apartments.

Huang Lincai, a 23-year-old former Ford worker, recently laid off, at home in Chongqing.CreditGilles Sabrié for The New York Times

Even that standard was seldom met, according to state-controlled media.

The result? Chongqing residents pay $30 or $50 a month just to rent one of the few parking spaces in their own building, even in outlying areas.

Scant parking means the clean, modern subway and monorail are heavily used. But it is not helping local car sales, as evidenced by the job cuts at Ford.

And it’s not just automakers that are struggling. Chongqing’s latest test is not of warfare or of politics, but of economics.

Recently dismissed workers thronged a hiring hall in February in northern Chongqing. But many booths normally staffed by employers were empty.

Local factories “are facing great difficulty, some may even close,” said Mei Mei, a personnel manager for a local auto parts manufacturer.

Her employer cut its own hiring in half and slashed the annual Chinese New Year bonus a month ago by 90 percent, she added.

Mr. Huang is not worried. He spent a lot of time riding on or caring for his motorcycle. During his unemployment, he thought about what he wants to do with the rest of his life.

“I just ride to the riverside,” he said, “and enjoy the scene.”

A model of the sprawling city.CreditLam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Follow Keith Bradsher on Twitter: [12]@KeithBradsher.

Ailin Tang contributed research.

A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A8 of the New York edition with the headline: As Economy Slows, Youthful Optimism Grows. [13]Order Reprints | [14]Today’s Paper | [15]Subscribe

References

Visible links
1. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/14/business/china-economy-xi-jinping.html?module=inline
2. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/27/business/china-auto-industry.html?module=inline
3. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/10/business/china-prices-inflation.html?module=inline
4. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/20/business/china-economy-gdp-fourth-quarter.html?module=inline
5. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/nyregion/26artct.html?module=inline
6. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/05/world/asia/china-cultural-revolution-chongqing.html?module=inline
7. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/27/world/asia/bo-xilais-china-crime-crackdown-adds-to-scandal.html?module=inline
8. https://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/24/court-upholds-life-sentence-for-bo-xilai/
9. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/22/world/asia/china-xi-jinping-sun-zhengcai-chongqing-.html?module=inline
10. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/world/asia/china-sun-zhengcai-disgraced.html?module=inline
11. https://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/20/business/in-a-slow-start-ford-opens-an-auto-factory-in-china.html?module=inline
12. https://twitter.com/KeithBradsher
13. http://www.nytreprints.com/
14. http://www.nytimes.com/pages/todayspaper/index.html
15. https://www.nytimes.com/subscriptions/Multiproduct/lp8HYKU.html?campaignId=48JQY

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Kolumne Schlagloch: Diktatur der Niedlichkeit #HelloKitty #Manga #JapanComics #China #Kolumnen #Gesellschaft
 
Für den Finnen Valtteri Bottas könnte die neue Formel-1-Saison eine große Sache werden. Vor dem Großen Preis von China zeigt Bottas der Konkurrenz wieder seine Klasse - und steht beim Rennen auf der besten Startposition. #Formel1 #Rennsport #Mercedes #Ferrari #ValtteriBottas #LewisHamilton #SebastianVettel #China #Shanghai
 
USA treiben Ausbau von 5G-Mobilfunk voran – Auktion von Frequenzen #5G-Versteigerung #China #DonaldTrump #Huawei #USA
 
Kommentar EU-China-Gipfel: Ein Weckruf für Europa #China #EU #Seidenstraße #Wirtschaftspolitik #Expansion #Produktion #Ökonomie #Öko
 
Zahlreiche Verträge unterschrieben die Teilnehmer des 8. Gipfel-Treffens in Dubrovnik mit China. Gastgeber Kroatien hofft dank chinesischer Investitionen auf einen Aufschwung für die heimische Wirtschaft. #Griechenland #China #NeueSeidenstraße #161 #171 #Dubrovnik
 

As China Hacked, U.S. Businesses Turned a Blind Eye


The U.S. has largely failed to stop Chinese cybertheft of U.S. companies, but the companies themselves led the charge in keeping it under wraps.
Article word count: 2524

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19649409
Posted by derchu (karma: 105)
Post stats: Points: 190 - Comments: 60 - 2019-04-12T21:57:34Z

\#HackerNews #blind #businesses #china #eye #hacked #turned
Article content:




Top government leaders told NPR that federal agencies are years behind where they could have been if Chinese cybertheft had been openly addressed earlier.

Bill Hinton Photography/Getty Images

Technology theft and other unfair business practices originating from China are costing the American economy more than $57 billion a year, White House officials believe, and they expect that figure to grow.

Yet an investigation by NPR and the PBS television show Frontline into why three successive administrations failed to stop cyberhacking from China found an unlikely obstacle for the government — the victims themselves.

[1]NPR and Frontline

This story is part of a joint investigation with the PBS series [2]Frontline, which includes an upcoming documentary, Trumpʼs Trade War, scheduled to air May 7, 2019, on PBS.

In dozens of interviews with U.S. government and business representatives, officials involved in commerce with China said hacking and theft were an open secret for almost two decades, allowed to quietly continue because U.S. companies had too much money at stake to make waves.

Wendy Cutler, who was a veteran negotiator at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, says it wasnʼt just that U.S. businesses were hesitant to come forward in specific cases. She says businesses didnʼt want the trade office to take "any strong action."

"We are not as effective if we donʼt have the U.S. business community supporting us," she says. "Looking back on it, in retrospect, I think we probably should have been more active and more responsive. We kind of lost the big picture of what was really happening."

None of the dozens of companies or organizations that NPR reached out to that have been victims of theft or corporate espionage originating from China would go on the record.

And for its part, the Chinese government officially denied to NPR and Frontline that it has been involved in such practices.

Wendy Cutler, a former diplomat and negotiator at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, delivers a 2015 speech at the Asia Society in Hong Kong. Cutler told NPR that U.S. businesses wouldnʼt let the trade office take direct action on their behalf in Chinese cybertheft cases.

Bruce Yan/South China Morning Post via Getty Images

But thatʼs not what former U.S. Attorney David Hickton found. When he took over in the Western District of Pennsylvania in 2010, he says, he was inundated with calls from companies saying they suspected China might be inside their computer systems.

"I literally received an avalanche of concern and complaints from companies and organizations who said, ʼWe are losing our technology — drip, drip, drip,ʼ " he says.

Hickton opened an investigation and quickly set his sights on a special unit of the Chinese military — a secretive group known as Unit 61398. Investigators were able to watch as the unitʼs officers, sitting in an office building in Shanghai, broke into the computer systems of American companies at night, stopped for an hour break at Chinaʼs lunchtime and then continued in the Chinese afternoon.

"They were really using a large rake — think of a rake [like]you rake leaves in the fall," he says. "They were taking everything ... personal information, strategic plans, organizational charts. Then they just figured out later how they were going to use it."

But when Hickton went to the companies, eager for them to become plaintiffs, he ran into a problem. None of the companies wanted any part of it. Hickton says they had too much money on the line in China.

"What we were tone-deaf to is [that]we seemed to think we could just walk in and wave the flag of the USA," Hickton says, "and it just didnʼt work."

Even today, five years later, Hickton still wonʼt name most of the companies involved — and they have never come forward.

Eventually he was able to convince [3]five largely local companies and the steelworkers union to come forward, mostly, he says, because he grew up in Pittsburgh and went to school with a lot of the managers.

David Hickton, former U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania, speaks during a 2014 announcement of indictments against Chinese military hackers, with former Attorney General Eric Holder and former Assistant Attorney General for National Security John Carlin.

Alex Wong/Getty Images

"I knew these people," Hickton says. "They trusted me. ... We couldnʼt ask them to be patriotic at the expense of engendering a shareholder case."

But, he says, he could have included hundreds — or even thousands — more.

"Weʼve made a terrible mistake by being so secretive about our cyberwork," he says. "We have not fairly told the people we represent what the threats are."

Government and business leaders interviewed by NPR and Frontline said individual companies were making millions of dollars in China over the past decade and a half and didnʼt want to hurt short-term profits by coming forward. They demanded secrecy, even in the face of outright theft.

But now the impact of that secrecy is coming to light, they say. Companies are facing hundreds of millions of dollars in future losses from the theft, and U.S. officials say they are years behind trying to tackle the problem.

Michael Wessel, commissioner on the U.S. governmentʼs U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, says it wasnʼt supposed to be this way. U.S. officials had high hopes when China [4]officially joined the World Trade Organization in 2001.

"There was a honeymoon period in the first six or seven years, a desire to try [to]make things work," Wessel says.

But, he says, starting around 2006, businesses began coming to him saying that China had stolen their designs or ideas or had pressured them into partnerships and taken their technology.

Just like with Hickton, Wessel says, they wouldnʼt come forward publicly.

"The business community wanted the administration to come in hard without anyoneʼs fingerprints being on the reasoning behind it," he says. "They wanted the profits, but they also didnʼt want the possible retribution."

Wessel says that was never going to work. While nothing in the original trade agreements specifically mentions cybertheft, the U.S. could have brought criminal cases forward, enacted sanctions or opened investigations under rules set up by the World Trade Organization — if a company would let it.

Court cases and documents from recent years offer a clue into what experts believe has really been going on. The Chinese government has been accused of stealing everything from vacuum cleaner designs to solar panel technology to the blueprints of Boeingʼs C-17 aircraft.

Hackers from China, often with ties to the government, have been accused of breaking into gas companies, steel companies and chemical companies. Not long ago, Chinese government companies were indicted for stealing the secret [5]chemical makeup of the color white from DuPont. China developed its J-20 fighter plane, a plane similar to Lockheed Martinʼs F-22 Raptor, shortly after a Chinese national was indicted for stealing technical data from Lockheed Martin, including the plans for the Raptor.

Chinese hacking made occasional headlines, but none really grabbed Americansʼ attention. There was one exception.

In 2010, Google went public in announcing that [6]it had been hacked by the Chinese government. Thirty-four other American companies that were also part of the hack stayed silent. Most have kept it a secret to this day.

A man places flowers outside Googleʼs Chinese headquarters in Beijing, on Jan. 15, 2010. The tech giantʼs accusation that year that it had been hacked by China cast light on a problem few companies discuss: the pervasive threat from China-based cybertheft.

Vincent Thian/AP

NPR tracked down 11 of the total 35 companies. All of them either did not respond to NPRʼs request or declined to comment.

A former top Google official who was closely involved in managing the hack told NPR that Google was "infuriated" that no other company would come forward, leaving Google to challenge China alone.

" [We]wanted to out all of the companies by name," said the official, who spoke on the condition their name not be used because they did not have permission from Google to speak about the incident. "One of the companies we called, said ʼOh, yeah, weʼve been tracking this for months.ʼ It was unbelievable. The legal department talked us out of it."

"We felt like we stood up and did the right thing," the former official said. "It felt like Helmʼs Deep, the battle from The Lord of the Rings in which youʼre impossibly surrounded and severely outnumbered."

They just all hid under a rock and pretended it didnʼt happen.

James McGregor, a former chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, on U.S. businesses reacting to Chinese hacking

James McGregor, a former chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, who was there at the time, says the companies kept even business organizations like his from speaking out.

"What they should have done is held a press conference and say, ʼWe 35 businesses have been hacked,ʼ and you would have put it right back on China," says McGregor. "Instead, they just all hid under a rock and pretended it didnʼt happen."

McGregor says their silence left little room for punishment, and worse, he says, it hid the extent of the problem.

Across the ocean, cybersleuth Dmitri Alperovitch was sitting at his desk at a security company in Atlanta when Google called looking for backup. He says when he took a look, he was stunned.

"I knew pretty much right away this is something very different," says Alperovitch, who is co-founder of the cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike. "For the first time we were facing a nation-state and intelligence service that was breaking into companies — not governments, not militaries, but private sector organizations."

But, he says, U.S. government officials were nowhere to be seen.

"They did not even publicly concur with the attributions that Google had made at the time," he says.

Dmitri Alperovitch, co-founder of the cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike, speaks during the Milken Institute Global Conference in California on May 1, 2017. Alperovitch said he was stunned after Google announced it was hacked by China.

Patrick T. Fallon/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Obama administration officials say they did not turn a blind eye to the Google hack or cybertheft from China.

The administration was struggling with other important priorities, such as North Korea, Iran, the economy and climate change, says Evan Medeiros, Obamaʼs top China specialist and then a staffer at the National Security Council.

"Direct confrontation with China does not usually result in lasting solutions," Medeiros says, noting that President Obama [7]secured an agreement with Chinese President Xi Jinping to halt the attacks and put together a regional trade agreement — the Trans-Pacific Partnership — to add pressure.

But neither measure lasted.

"Hindsight is always 20/20," he says. "I wish that we had spent more time ... finding creative ways to punish them for creating a nonlevel playing field."

Without those punishments, the attacks continued.

In the year after the Google hack, Alperovitch uncovered two more serious intrusions that, he says, involved thousands of American companies.

In the fall of 2011, he went to the White House to warn officials about what he had found. He sat down in the Situation Room with a half-dozen top administration leaders.

"The most surprising thing to me was the lack of surprise," Alperovitch says. "I got the distinct impression that none of this was news. When I pressed them on why they were not taking stronger action against China, their response was, ʼWe have a multifaceted relationship with China.ʼ "

Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with U.S. President Barack Obama following a news conference in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 25, 2015. During the visit, the two leaders announced an agreement to halt cyberattacks.

Pete Marovich/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Alperovitch says White House officials told him that some of the same companies that were being victimized by China also wanted to continue doing business in China.

"They didnʼt want to take any action that would jeopardize that billions of dollars of trade we were doing at the time," he says.

Ask McGregor, the American business representative, how companies can complain about Chinaʼs behavior to the U.S. government while simultaneously preventing the government from taking strong action, and his answer is blunt.

"Companies were afraid of China," he says. "American business companiesʼ incentives are to make money."

McGregor today advises dozens of American companies in China, and he says they are confronting a new reality. China is no longer an up-and-comer — itʼs a true competitor and quickly closing in on Americaʼs high-tech sector. McGregor says company leaders are beginning to ask whether years of theft and hacking have given China an edge that the United States will no longer be able to stay in front of.

And U.S. government officials are asking whether federal agencies will be able to catch up on enforcement.

Top government leaders told NPR that federal agencies are years behind where they could have been if the theft had been openly addressed.

Even at the Defense Department, as late as 2014, cybertheft from China was not one of the Pentagonʼs top priorities.

"Our intelligence agencies were looking at the Middle East, at the Russians," says Air Force Brig. Gen. Robert Spalding, a China expert who worked for the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the National Security Council.

He says he had never given the issue of Chinese cybertheft much thought. But then, in the fall of 2014, he loaded a confidential briefing into his computer. It was case after case in which the Chinese government had stolen the product designs from almost a dozen high-tech American companies, in a couple of cases almost putting them out of business.

"It immediately changed my conception, my view of the world," he says. "I realized I did not know how the world worked."

U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping leave an event in Beijing on November 9, 2017. The Trump administration, and the Obama administration before that, have brought concerns regarding cybertheft to the Chinese directly.

Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images

Spalding says he made it his mission to get the word out to other government agencies. But even in 2015, he says, he was met mostly with a shrug.

He says he went to the departments of Commerce and the Treasury, as well as the U.S. Trade Representative and the U.S. State Department.

"The two responses we got were, ʼOh my gosh, this is really, really bad.ʼ And the second one is, ʼThatʼs not my job,ʼ" Spalding says. "That was almost the universal answer we got every time we went to a senior leader. Bad problem but not my problem."

Spalding, who retired from the Air Force last year, says in the final years under Obama and now under President Trump, agencies are finally starting to take some action. The Justice Department is bringing criminal cases, the trade representativeʼs office is investigating Chinaʼs dealings and both administrations have brought concerns to the Chinese directly.

But, Spalding says, it may have come 10 years too late.

"We all missed it," he says. "We have to understand the problem and get to work on it."

References

Visible links
2. https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.pbs.org_wgbh_frontline_&d=DwMGaQ&c=E2nBno7hEddFhl23N5nD1Q&r=1VZdDzk9hRfgqzJDG4YkfOIGa0yK5RWvkExYHBGCZKo&m=bIYy0zwtpzzclmLzIHSxkal7LcKGa-0th__r_kT7PBw&s=K-n5e2jrfgffyD8mr02eBSOIxxAAby0jKdGTAyvbssQ&e=
3. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/us-charges-five-chinese-military-hackers-cyber-espionage-against-us-corporations-and-labor
4. https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/china_e.htm
5. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/us-and-chinese-defendants-charged-economic-espionage-and-theft-trade-secrets-connection
6. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=122703950
7. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/25/443448379/u-s-china-to-unveil-plan-to-curb-greenhouse-gases

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